Wednesday, January 22, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"Many of us live on the hyphen of Different cultures.Ã¢â¬ This statement by Richard Rodriguez is true from many people in the world today. But what factors contribute the identification with culture and a nation? The various factors that define a culture are the way people see a cultures attitude, family values, religion in the family, and the origin of your family. At the present time the people of the world are very stereotypical, this is one of the many ways to misinterpret people of a different culture. To best understand a culture you should take the time to absorb their way of life to really appreciate their culture. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The first factor, which contributes to the identification with a culture and a nation, is a culture attitude towards outsiders. In Ã¢â¬Å"Canadians: What do they want?Ã¢â¬ written by Margaret Atwood, it tells of Americans attitude toward the Canadians as a lesser person and their need to be liked by others. The Canadians are looked at as inferior because after WW II, American business owners went into Canada and took over most of their businesses. Some Canadians hate Americans for this because they have taken their own identity away from Canada. In Ã¢â¬Å"The Arab WorldÃ¢â¬ by Edward Hall, he uses hidden dimensions and proxemic patterns to show how the Arab culture presents itself. Ã¢â¬Å"I moved my body in such a way as to communicate annoyance. Strangely enough, instead of moving away, my actions seemed only to encourage him, because he moved even closer.Ã¢â¬ (p.201) This statement shows how an Arab man makes an American man nervous by getting to close. But what is too close? In the Arab culture closeness is a sign of Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã 2 respect, but in American culture closeness is only for people who are affectionate. Another example of attitudes in culture is in the story Ã¢â¬Å"Some Reflections on American MannersÃ¢â¬ by Alexis de Tocqueville. Tocqueville argues that American have no code of behavior and also has too much mobility in their actions. Through his essay Tocqueville uses the example that America has turned into an Individualistic Society and have destroyed the Aristocratic way of life with the new idea of democracy. The attitude of an insider of a culture is seen differently than what the visitors of that culture see. This view f... ...en their child is growing up in a neighborhood where they are the majority they can identify with them more easily. But when they move into a new neighborhood where they are the minority, they are usually picked on and have lower self-esteems. Trying to identify with a culture is a hard task to do for the children of the world today. Trying to find an identity for a child is an important thing while growing up. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In conclusion I believe that the factors that contribute to the identification of a culture are attitude, family values, religion, and the origin of your family. I was brought up not to stereotype; my parents put me in a school where there were diverse cultures. I 5 made many friends of different cultures and that has helped me to this day. Being able to identify with a culture better helps you to understand why and how the do things differently than you do. Most people are afraid to learn something new but when learning a new culture and not having a basis against it makes other cultures more interesting. I believe having more influence from many cultures make you a better person because you have the view of many, not just a few, or just one.
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
My family and I left the Kabul for Pakistan in 1995. Our dream was a better life a life which we could sleep a night with peace a life which we could walk with no fair. Me and my father we were working as labour for a small company, it was 50/km far from our home and we were going there by my dad`s bicycle. The work was hard everything was hard there, but when I was coming home and looking that my brothers and sisters are having book to read and they are going to school, we have something to eat and no one is here try to kill us I was felling like i have everything. With our straggle and hard working in 1999 my dad buy a house we moved there our life was becoming more comfortable we were happy. But we didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know that now something really bad is running after us. A really nasty day my dad was sick at home I was coming from work it was 7pm, I saw a car blocked my way four guy was standing beside the care they abused me with a really bad language and said come to car, i run to fight with them two of them took out the gun and shot near to my feat , one of them came near to me and hit me with the gun I fall down, when I weak up, it was a dark house my head was full of blood. I remember, the days which my dad was taken to TalibanÃ¢â¬â¢s prising because he was translator of American embassy. My dad was too keen that get him out of that, for me it was impossible. After six years, here is now three more guys with me, they are using us as cleaner dish washer cocks any kind of work. Every day we were planning to escape from there but we couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t. In 2009 we scaped from there but just three of us get succeed. I came back to Pakistan to find my family but no one was there they escaped from Pakistan too. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know where to go i went to my dad`s friend place, he told me my dad went to Iran and after 5 years he went to Australia, so my dad and all the family was in Australia. I was really happy by hearing that because they were save now. I get the number and call him, he told me he will sponsor me and i will be there in just one year but it was too hard to stay one day because the TalibanÃ¢â¬â¢s were still after me. So i chooses illegal way to came to us, went to Indonesia we were 80 people in boat a small boat, he told me he will sponsor me and i will be there in just one year but it was too hard to stay one day because the TalibanÃ¢â¬â¢s were still after me.
Monday, January 6, 2020
(1255 words) Margaret Fuller vs. Herman Melville Kendall Kinney ENGL267 In her 1945 article, Woman in the Nineteenth Century, Margaret Fuller illustrates a world in which Ã¢â¬Å"there exists in the minds of men a tone of feeling toward women as toward slavesÃ¢â¬ , and where men hold Ã¢â¬Å"the belief that Woman was made for ManÃ¢â¬ . Two books, Herman MelvilleÃ¢â¬â¢s Moby Dick and Woman in the Nineteenth Century, provide male and female perspective in the 19th century. These separate texts exemplify two sides of the same coin. On the one hand, Woman in the Nineteenth Century provides perspective of the feminine experience in a male dominated world while Moby Dick portrays a society from a male point of view and experiences woman as subservient to himself.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This is the extent of Melville allows to cover the depth of her character. In fact, when Ishmael retreats into the kitchen to request a second serving by simply Ã¢â¬Å"utter[ing] the word Ã¢â¬ËcodÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (59), the interaction is more reminiscent of a person directing a dog to perform a trick than demonstrating an interaction with another human. The portrayal of Mrs. Hussey in which her personality is entirely dedicated to performing tasks mirrors FullerÃ¢â¬â¢s description of the masculine ideal that Ã¢â¬Å"[women] must be kept from mischief and melancholy by being constantly engaged in laborÃ¢â¬ . Mrs. HusseyÃ¢â¬â¢s primary purpose in the plot is to serve two men, Ishmael and Queequeg. Despite her seemingly diligent service, Ishmael displays a lack of respect towards her. In the scene where Queequeg locks himself in his room for his Ramadan ritual, Ishmael disregards Mrs. HusseyÃ¢â¬â¢s request to not knock down QueequegÃ¢â¬â¢s door and speaks to her in the mocking tone of, Ã¢â¬Å"La! la, maÃ¢â¬â¢am!Ã¢â¬âMistress! murder! Mrs. Hussey! Apoplexy!Ã¢â¬ (74). IshmaelÃ¢â¬â¢s actions align with the male saying expressed by Fuller that goes, Ã¢â¬Å"You cannot reason with a womanÃ¢â¬ . The second of the two appearing female characters is Captain BildadÃ¢â¬â¢s sister, Aunt Charity, described by Ishmael as being Ã¢â¬Å"ready to turn her hand and heart to anything that promised to yield safety, comfort, and consolation to all on board a ship in which her beloved brother Bildad was concernedÃ¢â¬ (86). Ã¢â¬Å"After the Pequod had been hauled out fromShow MoreRelatedBrief Survey of American Literature3339 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesRevolution(1789Ã¢â¬â1799) Romantic vs. Neoclassic (1) Neoclassicism: - reason, order, elegant wit - rationalism of enlightenment in 18th-cent. Romanticism: - passion, emotion, natural beauty - imagination, mysticism, liberalism (freedom to express personal feelings) Romantic vs. Neoclassic (2) Innovation: - subjects: common life; the supernatural; the far away and the long ago - style: common language really used by men; poetic symbolism Romantic vs. Neoclassic(3) Good poetry
Sunday, December 29, 2019
1) The article from The Gerontologist supports the activity theory of aging. This states that as people age, it is very important for them to be engaged in various activities and social roles. As described in the lecture, studies have shown that those who stay involved have less signs of depression and have a lesser decline in mental health. In addition, they are considered more competent than others in their age group by the general population since they are actively participating in society. The research described in the article proved that those who had moderate or high participation in activities such as working, volunteering, and caregiving had a better psychological well-being. It is not necessarily just taking part in these, but the level in which one does so is also crucial. It appears that moderate participation is the best way to a better psychological well-being, as one does not want to be overworked, but should still be involved. I chose to read article C entitled Ã¢â¬Å"Do productive activities reduce inflammation in late life?Ã¢â¬ from The Gerontologist. It also supports the activity theory of aging, but relates it more to physical health instead of psychological well-being. The study proved that older adults between ages 57 and 85 have less bodily inflammation, which can cause cardiovascular diseases, if they participate in activities like volunteering and caregiving. These findings are very similar to those found in the required reading because they both agree thatShow MoreRelatedActivity Theory of Aging Essay4128 Words Ã |Ã 17 PagesRUNNING HEAD: ACTIVITY THEORY Activity Theory of Aging Long Island University-C.W. Post Campus Jennifer L. Bifulco Throughout this semester we have come across many psychological and social theories. From VaillantÃ¢â¬â¢s aging well, to EriksonÃ¢â¬â¢s life stages, to LeontÃ¢â¬â¢evÃ¢â¬â¢s activity theory, there is a lot to learn and to understand. For the purpose of this paper, I am going to focus on the Activity Theory of aging. After some thorough research on this topic I was able to come up with some greatRead MoreSociological Aging : A Sociological Perspective Essay902 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSociological Aging Social aging is referring to the changes in individualÃ¢â¬â¢s roles and relationship in the society as they age. There are many different theories concerning sociological aging. Social theories on aging examine the relationship between individual experiences and social institutions e.g., aging and retirement; aging and institutional care; aging and government policy etc (Barkan 2012). All have limitations, and some can be considered more than others when attempting to understand socialRead MoreTheoretical Perspective on Aging Hcs/548 Essays1183 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRunning head: THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVE ON AGING Theoretical Perspective on Aging Rachael Porchia HCS/548 September 3, 2012 Deborah Ayers Theoretical Perspective on Aging The study of aging has not been around long. Aging is natural, and occurs during an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s lifetime. Essentially, no one can escape the aging process many individuals 60 and over are in good health, and hold his or her independence status. However, some individuals over 60 experiencesRead MoreDisengagement Theory Is The First Formal Theory Of Aging873 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDisengagement theory is the first formal theory of aging. It was first proposed in 1961 by Elaine Cumming and William Hendry. They both were researchers from the University of Chicago. The two developed their theory in their book Growing Old: The Process of Disengagement. In the book they criticized the implicit theory that people can adjust, be satisfied, and happy in old age. They can also be physically involved and remain active throughout their lives. Ã¢â¬Å"Cumming and Henry argued that normal aging involvesRead MoreThe Theory Of An Assisted Living Home909 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesof aging that a re continuously being looked at and studied. Through a process of studies on the aging, those who study gerontology can make conclusions about the elderly and their behaviors. These conclusions, or theories, can be applied to many different disciplines of gerontology. One particular discipline of interest is the role of activities in institutional living facilities. Two theories that are applicable to the role or impact of activities are activity theory and disengagement theory. Read MoreExplain Factors Influencing Ageing, and Explain Ways in Which Health and Social Care Workers Support the Independence and Wellbeing of Older People.980 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesP1 explain theories of ageing. In this assignment I will be explain 4 theories and link it to a scenario that was given by the teacher in class. Sociological/psychological theories; * Disengagement theory * Activity theory Biological theories: * Genetically programmed theory * Disposable soma theory * Disengagement theory This theory Cumming and Henry in 1961 suggests that when Andy is to get older he will withdraw from the society in preparation for death and this couldRead MoreTheory of Successful Aging1648 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesTheory Of Successful Aging INTERNAL CRITICISM Adequacy: The FloodÃ¢â¬â¢s Theory of Successful Aging (Flood, 2005) was developed to addresses a nursing theory for care of the older adult regarding to the lack of nursing theory that offers clearly delineated guidelines for care of aging. FloodÃ¢â¬â¢s(2002) unique definition of successful aging among other explanations includes mental, physical, and spiritual elements of the aging person and emphasizing the individuals self appraisal. She used existing knowledgeRead MoreThe Aging Process For The Older Adults Essay1587 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Successful Aging Paper Albatul Albulayhi University of the Incarnate Word Ã¢â¬Æ' Successful Aging Paper Aging is inevitable; as people age in the second half of life, the body often faces some challenges mentally and physically. Aging was defined by Robert Arking (1998), as a Ã¢â¬Å" Time-dependent series of cumulative, progressive, intrinsic, and harmful changes that begin to manifest at reproductive maturity and eventually end in deathÃ¢â¬ (p. 520). The aging process for the older adults is influenced byRead MoreAn Accurate Plan Of Care For Older Adults1522 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAs individuals age changes occur physiologically that are part of normal aging. These changes occur in all organ systems and can impact an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s quality of life. The changes related to aging can be attributed to an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s genetic make up, lifestyle, physical activity, and dietary lifestyle. Being able to differentiate between normal changes in aging against disease process is important because it can help clinicians develop a plan of care (Boltz, Capezuti, Fulmer, Zwicker, 2012) . CreatingRead MoreEssay about Growing Old1073 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswill go through the aging process. However, how well each endures that process depends on the individual. After my Visit at English Oaks Convalescent Home, a skilled nursing facility for adultsÃ¢â¬â¢ age 55 and older, I found this to be true. During my visit, I conversed with many Ã¢â¬Å"residentsÃ¢â¬ whom were alert and oriented and very aware of the aging process. We conversed about the process of aging and the factors that appear to account for a longer life. We talked about adjusting to aging as well as the positives
Friday, December 20, 2019
Gandalf as a Ã¢â¬Å"the GuideÃ¢â¬ What is GandalfÃ¢â¬â¢s Archetype? The dictionary defines it as the original pattern or model from which all things of same kind are copied or on which they are based; a model or first form; prototype. J.R.R Tolkiens The Hobbit is a story of growth that centers on Bilbo Baggins a Hobbit who is perfectly happy in his Hobbit hole eating, drinking and smoking. Everything in BilboÃ¢â¬â¢s life is as he likes it, until the day that Gandalf the Grey strolls into his life and although Bilbo doesnt know it Gandalf is his Guide. The Archetype of The Guide points the hero in the direction he is destined to go. Gandalf is the one who chooses Bilbo as the 14th and luckiest member of the party making the trekÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Finally the Bilbo that Gandalf has been talking about the whole story has emerged. Gandalf always gives off the impression that he knows everything before it happens. Just by speaking with Bilbo he knew that there was an underlying power that Bilbo didnt even know what was there. Gandalf seems to take a special interest to Bilbo that he doesnt have for any of the dwarves. He doesnt even speak to Fili and Kili or any of the dwarves except for Thorin of course and Im sure he wouldnt try to go back for any of them if they were left behind in a goblin cave. But he was very adamant that they go back for Bilbo even calling him his friend. Gandalf was trained by some of the strongest Valar or gods and he considers the tiniest of creatures a Hobbit his friend. Gandalf and Bilbo share an unspoken bond. Gandalf was trained by the Valar to aid the people of middle-earth in the fight against evil, for over 2000 years, Gandalf worked most faithfully against the rising powers of evil in Middle-earth. Gandalf has never showed a real interest in the treasure that was awaiting them at the end of the journey. He was more interested in the growth of Bilbo as a hero and the goblin cave is a perfect example. While the Dwarves are only concerned wi th moving on to there gold, He is insistent that they go back for Bilbo. Why would he do that? Why would someone who just fought is way out of those caves barely escaping with hisShow MoreRelatedThe Hero s Journey And The Lord Of The Rings1630 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmodel, archetypes, reluctant heroes, and the description of the stages to help you understand, support, and complete your work.) Leave my numbers as they are and write a paragraph under each number (in a dark text color that is different from the color of my text (you choose) - and thank you, remember I am half blind). In this paragraph, explain what major events in the film happen at each stage of the journey. Be descriptive, and in addition to the events, include the archetype titlesRead MoreMaking Of A Hero : Tolkien s The Hobbit And The Monomyth1951 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesis a key representation of the heroes Ã¢â¬Å"call to adventureÃ¢â¬ , a challenge often triggered by external obstacles that prompt the protagonist to develop his heroic traits. BagginsÃ¢â¬â¢s development as the storyÃ¢â¬â¢s protagonist and hero follows a visit from Gandalf the wizard, prompting him to take part in an adventure comprised of an army of thirteen battle-ready dwarves. In this paper, I will show that TolkienÃ¢â¬â¢s fictional novel The Hobbit follows the rudimentary structuring discussed in Joseph CampbellÃ¢â¬â¢s heroÃ¢â¬â¢s
Thursday, December 12, 2019
Your strategy professors have asked the English faculty to cover the executive memo, which you will use in your strategic management class, for two reasons: * The ability to write a short, informative, well-written memo like this will serve you well in your future careers. * Writing a good memo is difficult and requires practice. Students in past strategic management classes have had trouble with the guidelines youÃ¢â¬â¢ll see in the following paragraph. Please read this document carefully and be prepared to demonstrate your understanding during the next class session. An executive memo is a short (no more than 500 words) internal document whose purpose is to make strategic recommendations to a company. The executive memo has 4 parts: the issue, the recommendation, the action plan, and the discussion of alternatives, in that order. When you write your executive memo, there are several important guidelines to keep in mind: * The memo is short, so every word should count. We will write a custom essay sample on How to Write an Executive Memo or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time giving the company information it already has (i. e. , what the company does, how much itÃ¢â¬â¢s sold, etc. * ItÃ¢â¬â¢s important that you present the material in the order given here. This is not creative writing! * Everything in the memo should be connected to the issue at hand: the recommendation, the action plan, and the alternatives should all serve to resolve the issue. * Since the memo focuses on the issue, it is crucial that you state the issue clearly. Starting your memo: the subject line Make sure your subject line encapsulates the main issue of your memo. Section 1: The Issue * The memo should begin with a statement of the strategy problem you will address (i. . , you are defining the problem). This definition is key because it determines the direction which the rest of the memo will take. * It is vital to distinguish between observational information and the problem you want to solve. Be crystal clear and specific about the issue you will address. Your issue section should do the following: * Identify the root problems associated with the issue. * Provide a measure of how significant the problem is. * Provide a sense of how urgent the problem is. * Iden tify the risk if the issue is not addressed. Section 2: Recommendation(s) This section comes early in the memo because itÃ¢â¬â¢s more important that the reader see it than the alternatives. Nevertheless, itÃ¢â¬â¢s best to write your alternatives first and choose from among them. * Your recommendation must be one of your alternatives and must relate back to the issue and causes you have defined initially. * State CLEARLY what solution you recommend and briefly why it represents the best alternative. * Normally, the recommendation will be one alternative; however, sometimes it may incorporate one aspect of a second option. Indicate briefly that you understand whatever drawbacks may exist to the solution you have chosen. * Make sure your recommendation is realistic given physical and economic limitations. This section should be a brief bullet list. The action plan is a schedule for the implementation of the recommendations you have made. * The goal of the action plan is to show the reader (your boss) the scope of the activity involved and demonstrate your understanding of what has to be done to complete it. * Since someone else will probably carry out the recommendations, your action plan gives that person a template to follow. Break it up into activity periods Ã¢â¬â Immediate, Short term, etc. , with days in brackets. This gives the reader a sense of the time period the program will be finished in. Section 4: Discussion of alternatives. This section helps the reader understand how you came to your decision and demonstrates that you considered the issue thoroughly. Be sure to present three reasonable alternatives. * The section should begin with a brief introductory paragraph for background; this paragraph should include the basic criteria which the alternatives are judged on. You should then move on to discuss THREE alternatives, which should all have a similar focus: 3 on a new target market, 3 on a marketing strategy, 3 on new distribution channels, etc. * For each alternative, you need to give factors in its favour and the reasons for your rejection, in other words, the pros and cons of each alternative. As you analyze each alternative, keep in mind the risk factor(s) you identified for the issue. * Remember that alternatives and the arguments you make for it must address the issue you have defined.
Thursday, December 5, 2019
Progressivism implies a philosophy that welcomes innovations and reforms in the political, economic, and social order. The Progressive movement, 1901 to 1917, was ultimately the triumph of conservatism rather than a victory for liberalism. In a general sense, the conservative goals of this period justified the Liberal reforms enacted by Progressive leaders. Deviating from the traditional definition of conservatism (a resistance to change and a disposition of hostility to innovations in the political, social, and economic order), the Progressivism Movement Progressivism implies a philosophy which welcomes innovations and reforms in the political, economic, and social order. The Progressive movement, 1901 to 1917, was ultimately the triumph of conservatism Conservatist triumph was in the sense that there was an effort to maintain basic social and economic relations vital to a capitalist society. The Progressive leaders essentially wanted to perpetuate Liberal reform in order to bring upon general conservatism. Expansion of the federal government s powers, competition and economic distribution of wealth, and the social welfare of American citizens concerned the many leaders of this era. The business influence on politics was quite significant of the Progressive Era. Not Progressivism Movement Progressivism implies a philosophy which welcomes innovations and reforms in the political, economic, and social order. The Progressive movement, 1901 to 1917, was ultimately the triumph of conservatism rather only did the three leading Progressive political figures, Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson, bring upon new heights to government regulation, but also the great business leaders of this era defined the units of political intervention. With political capitalism rising to fame, Progressive politics experienced new themes and areas. The inevitability of federal regulation policies, reformation of social welfare, conservation, and various innovations with banking led to one conservative effort: the preservation of existing powers and economic/social relations. The political leaders of Progressivism ProgressivismThe period of time between the Spanish-American War and World War I is known as the Progressive Era. It was a period marked by idealism, reform, his ear were conservative in that they all believed in the fundamentals of basic capitalism. The various forms of anti-trust legislation presented by each president made the nation one step closer to providing a stable, predictable, and secure, therefore, conservative capitalist society. Theodore Roosevelt s statist tendencies brought new meaning to government regulation. Roosevelt s Anti-Trust policy of 1902 pledged government intervention to break up illegal monopol ies and regulate corporations for the public good. Roosevelt felt that bad Progressivism U. S. History Progressivism trusts threatened competition and markets. in order to restore free competition, President Roosevelt ordered the Justice department to prosecute corporations pursing monopolistic practices. However, the Judicial Branch repudiated its duty (right of reason) and now, even if the impact of the market was not harmful, actions that restrained or monopolized trade would automatically put a firm in violation of the Sherman law. In 1902, the United Mine Workers were willing to submit to arbitration, but the coal operators adamantly opposed Progressivism 2 Progressivism The period of time between the Spanish-American War and World War I is known as the Progressive Era. It was a period marked by idealism, reform, and significant any recognition of the union. Thus, the union members decided to strike over wages, safety conditions, and union recognition. The Anthracite Coal Strike of 1902 ended with the appointment by Roosevelt of an arbitration commission to rule on the issues. Business men did not regard politics (government regulation) as a necessary evil, but as an important part of their position in society. Roosevelt did not see big business as evil, but a permanent development that was necessary in a modern Desertion And Decline For Progressivism Desertion and Decline for Progressivism The decade of the 1920s discouraged the progressive movement. It was a period that had an extraordinary reaction against idealism and reform. The economy. Roosevelt couldn t rely on the courts to distinguish between good or bad trusts. The only solution was for the executive to assume that responsibility. Roosevelt s ingenious square dealings and gentlemen s agreements controlled many firms. In 1903, a new cabinet position was created to address the concerns of business and labor (Department of Commerce and Labor). Within the department, the Bureau of Corporations was empowered to investigate and report The Progressive Era 2 THE PROGRESSIVE ERA: ROOSEVELT AND WILSON The progressive Era began in 1900. It came to a halt in 1917 due to Americas entrance into World War 1. During this time, on illegal activities of corporations. The abuse of economic power by railroads proposed another problem for Roosevelt. However, in 1903, the Elkins Act empowered the ICC (Interstate Commerce Commission, first American federal regulatory agency) to act against discriminatory rebates. Also, in 1906, the Hepburn Act increased the ICC membership from five to seven. The ICC could set its own fair freight rates, had its regulatory pwer extended over pipelines, bridges, and express companies, and was empowered to require a Progressivism: Opposing Viewpoints Progressivism: Opposing Viewpoints At the commencement of the twentieth century, a period referred to as progressivism swept through America. Precisely, this era in American history began soon after uniform system of accounting by regulated transportation companies. Besides economic relations, Roosevelt involved himself in many important conservative social relations. The Secretary of treasury created an inspection organization to certify that cattle for export were free of disease. With disappointing results, Germany and other European countries banned the importation of American meant. Federal regulation helped improve exports to Europe, free competition, another conservative effort. In 1906, the Meat Inspection Act provided for federal and sanitary regulations and inspections in Progressivism: Opposing Viewpoints Progressivism: Opposing Viewpoints At the commencement of the twentieth century, a period referred to as progressivism swept through America. Precisely, this era in American history began soon after the Spanish-American meant packing facilities. Also, the Pure Food and Drug Act prohibited the manufacture, sale, and transportation of adulterated labeled foods and drugs in accordance with consumer demands. Roosevelt assed many conservation laws from 1902 to 1908 to create federal irrigation projects, national parks and forests, develop water power, and establish the Nation Conservation Commission to oversee the nation s resources. Taft, hand picked by Theodore Roosevelt, had two primary political goals in 1909. One was the continuation of Roosevelt Progressive Movement Of 1918 1918 The Progressive Movement Progressive Education assumes the world changes, and that in a universe that is not particularly concerned with ability to think straight Rychard Fink trust-busting, and the other was the reconciliation of the old guard conservatives and young progressive reformers in the Republican Party. Taft, being an anti-statist, was a poor progressive politician. Instead of the positive outlook toward big business and competition resembling Roosevelt, Taft was an advocate of minimum governmental regulation. However, in perusing anti-monopoly law enforcement, Taft and his Attorney General George Wichersham brought44 indictments in anti-trust suites. Taft was successful in healing the Republican split between conservatives and progressives Theodore Roosevelt and Progressivism Despite the criticism of their reform efforts, Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow WilsonÃ¢â¬â¢s commitment to and success in achieving national reform made them successful progressive presidents. There hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t yet been over such issues as tariff reform, conservation, and the almost dictatorial pwer held by Republican Speaker of the House, Joseph Cannon. Taft s inability to bring both wings of the party together led to the hardened division which would bring about a Democratic victory in the 1912 elections. In 1910, Republican progressives joined with Democrats to strip Speaker Cannon of his pwer to appoint the Committee on Rules and serve on it himself. Although critical of Cannon, Taft failed Progressism Vs. Populism Americans were not aware of the division among populists and progressivists during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, yet they were aware of the division between Democrats and Republicans. to align himself with the progressives. Also, another event pushing the greater split in the Republican